Opposite Types of Cats

This both types, cobby and foreign or oriental, can be considered as opposite ends, in a scale with intermediate constitutions.

Most of the races with pedigree belong to this intermediate category, a parcel in which the attribution of the features to a single race is object of inexactness.

Sometimes the differences given in the breeding of cats and the standards of exhibitions between several countries is due to that the feline associations value in a different way certain features inside the same race and can accentuate the cobby or foreign characteristics.

This doesn’t mean that certain criterion are “better” or more faithful to a race than others; it is simply a question of different national tastes and in occasion a reflex in the question of different national tastes and in occasion a reflex in the history of a race in one country or another. For example in the case of the Persian cats, the North American breeders prefer a more compact constitution and more adjust to the cobby type than the British, a preference that goes back to the times of acknowledgement of the race in each country.

On the other hand, inside a same race and even in a same lineage, sometimes there are slight variations in the constitution, some so small that will not be seen by any cat lover, but that are enough for disqualifying the cat for breeding or for exhibition.

All the same, a cat with pedigree that doesn’t fulfill the requisites for exhibiting goes on having pedigree and is representative of its race.

Sometimes the term classic is used to describe cats that adapt exactly to the defined corporal constitution of the standards of a determined feline association, however, it is important to point out that this criterions are not immovable.

The “ideal” Siamese cat in 1900, with  much less curves than the actual, wouldn’t have any possibility of winning any exhibition now days.

The tastes have changed and the breeders have gain knowledge in their field, most of it thanks to the genetics.

Type of Coat
The second feature in importance is the type of the cloak. In general, you can say that there are two types of cats: of short hair, as the European, and of long hair, as the Persian.

As exposed in the chapter dedicated to the genetic inheritance, the hair of cats “by nature” is short (as the biologists would say).

The “wild character” hair is short and the long hair was introduced due to a recessive gene and has been developing itself along several centuries.

When the gene of long hair is present, the cloak can evolve during generations in response to the surroundings. That is how the Maine Coon cat developed its abundant hair, very adequate for the hard winters in the North East of the United States.

The longer hairs of the cloak, the outer hair, oscillate in between the 4.5 cms in the European short hair cat and in 15 cms of the Persian cats for exhibiting.

The hair presents more variation apart from that of its length. The cloak of a cat is composed of primary fur that are longest, other more bristled hair secondary fur and an interior layer of more smooth and short hair denominated under fur.

The importance of the three varies from race to race, which causes differences in the density and texture of the hair. The long cloak, silky and loose of the Persian cat, for example, contains an under fur almost as long as the fur.

The undulated cloak of the rex lacks of external hair.

The ideal hair of a determined race, according to the criterion of the exhibitions has been developing with the selective breeding, in some cases in as long as 100 years. But we have to remember that, even in the most valued races, you only breed a small quantity of cats for exhibiting.

As it happens with the corporal constitution, in all of the races there are  cats with pedigree whose cloaks wouldn’t receive the approval of an exhibition judge.

Cat Houses Cat Facial Features Cat Tail, Feet and Paws Cat Colors and Marks Opposite Types of Cats Classification by Breeds Selective Cat Breeding The Cobby Type Cat and Foreign Types of Cat The Tabby Cat Pattern Smoke and Gray Cats Cat Points